Types of Madd in Tajweed

The Holy Quran is the book of Allah that He SWT revealed to Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) as the ideal source of law for humanity to live a great life. The Quran is very important, and it must be read and recited correctly and clearly to avoid any kind of misunderstanding or confusion. Readers must adhere to Tajweed rules for accurate recitation, which also cover the various forms of Madd (extending a vowel sound).

Furthermore, the meaning of madd goes far beyond this literal interpretation. Here we will explore the two primary forms of Madd:


Madd Asli/Tabi'y (Madd Natural)

Madd Far'ee, and the Jr. Madd


Madd Asli Meaning

There can be no letter without this kind of madness. It happens when hamza or sukoon comes before any one of the three madd letters.



Two harakahs are the amount of time it takes to open one finger after making a closed fist. One harakah is the time it takes to open two fingers consecutively.


Madd Faree Synopsis

It is the kind of madd that, for a specific purpose, is added to madd asli.



The two reasons for the madd faree are as follows:


Not corporeal. This is the name given to it because of its significance. The Hafs recitation as reported by Al-Shatibiyyah does not contain this. However, it is allowed by Tayyibat Al-Nashr. Lexical in certain instances. This is the name given to it because the madd faree lengthens more with a particular letter than with the madd asli.

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