These are the Signs of Pregnancy that You Need to Know
Pregnancy signs can be similar to symptoms before menstruation, such as cramps in the stomach and discomfort in the breasts, so many women do not realize they are entering the early period of pregnancy.
Pregnancy is one of the exciting news that many married couples have been waiting for. However, sometimes the signs of pregnancy are not realized by some women, especially women who have never been pregnant before.
Although not all of them, some women just stop unhealthy habits, such as eating junk food and drinking soda , when they realize that they are pregnant. In fact, the health of pregnant women and the fetus is better maintained and monitored from the beginning of pregnancy . Therefore, the signs of pregnancy should be recognized and checked early.
Signs of Pregnancy
Besides being able to find out with a pregnancy test or test pack , you can also watch for pregnancy from its signs, ranging from signs that involve physical changes to mood. The following are signs of pregnancy that can occur early in pregnancy :
1. Light bleeding and cramping in the stomach
In the process of pregnancy , the fertilized egg will develop into a potential fetus and attach to the uterine wall. This attachment process can damage some of the blood vessels in the uterine wall and cause light bleeding or spots.
Pregnancy spots usually occur between 6-12 days after the egg is fertilized. Bleeding can appear as pink or brown streaks of blood, it may also look like little menstrual blood.
Apart from light bleeding, pregnant women will also usually feel cramps in the stomach. These cramps are similar to cramps just before menstruation, but are lighter. This is why bleeding and stomach cramps are often overlooked as a sign of pregnancy.
2. Late menstruation
After the prospective fetus attaches to the uterine wall, your body will start producing human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), a hormone that helps the body maintain pregnancy. This hormone also functions to stop your menstruation every month during pregnancy.
Most women start not menstruating 4 weeks after conception. Therefore, just one late menstruation can be a sign of pregnancy, except for women who have irregular menstrual schedules .
3. Changes in the breast
Changes in the breasts can occur early in pregnancy. Usually, the breasts will become swollen, sore and feel heavier. The area around the nipple also usually turns darker. The symptoms you feel are almost the same as those you felt during menstruation, but this time it was more painful.
These changes occur because your body is already preparing itself for breastfeeding from the very beginning of pregnancy. At this time, the blood flow to the breasts will increase, new fat tissue begins to form, and the milk ducts begin to expand.
Since the beginning of pregnancy, the levels of the hormone progesterone in your body will increase. This hormone can make you drowsy and tired even though you are doing the same activities as usual.
In addition, fatigue can also be caused by the amount of energy the body uses to prepare for pregnancy, for example to produce more blood cells. You can usually feel this 1 week after conception.
5. More frequent urination
The hormone hCG, which is produced during the first week of pregnancy, causes an increase in blood flow to the pelvic area. This is what causes pregnant women to tend to urinate more frequently than usual. However, if it is accompanied by pain when urinating , this can also be a sign of a urinary tract infection.
Nausea or morning sickness is one of the best known signs of pregnancy. As the name suggests, this symptom usually appears in the morning, but it does not rule out that nausea can also be felt during the day and night.
Nausea usually begins at 4–6 weeks of gestation, and ends when pregnancy enters the second trimester (13 or 14 weeks).
7. Mood swings
During pregnancy, levels of the hormones estrogen and progesterone will increase. This increase in hormones can cause more rapid mood swings and make you more emotional or sensitive than usual, for example, becoming anxious and irritable.
In addition, there are also several other non-specific signs that can be felt by pregnant women, such as cravings , headaches, vaginal discharge , back pain, and constipation. In some cases the pregnancy has just been discovered
Signs of pregnancy can be different for each woman, some feel all the signs of pregnancy above, but some feel only 1 or 2 signs. In addition, these signs can be confused with signs before menstruation or other health conditions, so you may not even realize that you are pregnant.
Therefore, if you notice one or two of the signs above, it's a good idea to do a pregnancy test with a test pack to determine whether you are pregnant or not. If the results are positive, start taking care of your health and pregnancy.
Keep trying to eat healthy and nutritionally balanced foods, especially those rich in protein and iron, even though you may not feel like eating. You may also need more sleep to avoid fatigue and stay in the mood.
In addition, immediately make an appointment with an obstetrician to have your pregnancy checked. That way, the health of you and the fetus can be monitored early on. It is also important to do to ascertain whether the signs of pregnancy appear due to a normal pregnancy or an empty pregnancy .